|Hazard||Definition||Characteristics||Why selected||Who/What at risk||P(R)||V(R)||Rank(P*V)|
|Earthquake||The sudden motion or trembling of the ground produced by abrupt displacement of rock material, usually within the upper 10-20 miles of the earths surface||District Chamba falls under Seismic Zone IV and V and has sits on some major lineaments and faults, adding to its vulnerability to be affected by an earthquake. The buildings and houses built in the district are not earthquake resilient therefore the damages will be high in case of an earthquake event.||-History of previous occurrences
-Recent tremors in the year 2016-17
-GIS analysis and IMD data
-Potential for significant earthquake losses
|Human Life, Cattle Life, Kutcha and Pacca Houses, Community Infrastructure.
Entire district has a high risk of being heavily damaged during an earthquake with Bhattiyat, Chamba and Pangi sub division facing the highest risk according to geological findings.
|Landslides||The downward and outward movement of slope-forming materials reacting to the force of gravity. The term landslide is generalized and includes rock falls, rockslides etc.||The district falls under Earthquake zone IV and V and also experiences moderate to heavy rains during monsoons, making it highly vulnerable to landslide events.||-Active seasonal landslide locations
-Potential for damage to property and ecology
-Heavy rainfall and climate change
|Human Life, Kutcha and Pacca Houses, Community/Public Infrastructure. Maximum landslides have been recorded in Bharmour and Pangi sub division||Frequently (3)||M (2)||6|
|Cloud Burst||A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder that is capable of creating flood conditions.||Chamba (Atulai, Sahu, Kidi) and Churah Sub divisions have experienced cloudburst in the past rendering the agriculture land unproductive and causing a few loss of lives.||-Past cloudburst events.
|Local population, farmers, agricultural lands, rural and urban households. Maximum cloudburst events have been reported from Chamba and Churah/Tissa sub division||Frequently (3)||M (2)||6|
|Forest/Wild House Fire||A forest/wildfire is an uncontrolled fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or a wilderness or forest area, sometimes in close proximity to developments.||Pine, Deodar and mixed coniferous forests are known to experience wild fire during summer months. Chamba and Churah Sub Division are most prone to seasonal forest fires.||-History of previous occurrences.
-Potential for loss of life.
-GIS analysis clearly suggest fire sites
-Potential for environmental impacts
|Human Life, Cattle Life, Houses and Property Sub divisions Churah, Bharmour, Pangi and Bhattiyat witness maximum wild fire risk.||Frequently (3)||M (2)||6|
|Road accidents||Road traffic accident occurs when a vehicle that is moving along a roadway collides with another vehicle or object. When you run a red light and hit a car going in the other direction, this is an example of a road traffic accident.||The district had a rugged topography, high cliffs and poorly constructed roads, making it highly vulnerable to road accidents.||-Seasonal traffic due to tourists in summer months and after snowfall.
-Frequent incidents of accidents
|Local dwellers, tourists and drunk drivers. Jot road falling under Chamba and Bhattiyat Sub division has frequent road accidents. Sub division Bharmour, Pangi and Churah also face high risk to road accidents due to undulating topography||Frequently (3)||H (3)||9|
|Flood/Flash floods||A general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation on normally dry land from the Riverine flooding due to high rainfall or fluctuating lake levels.||River Ravi flows in District Chamba and there is a history of flooding in the villages near the banks .Barrages and dams in the district are vulnerable to floods in an event of an earthquake. There is a history of flash floods due to heavy rainfall during monsoons in the district.||-History of flooding.
-Chamera and Siul power projects fall under seismic zonation IV and V.
-Dam maintenance problems and extreme weather events could cause failures
|Agriculture crops, Transport, Houses (Mostly Kaccha houses in rural area), Constructions, Drinking Water, Cattle, Irrigation equipment, Educational Institutes.Areas of Sihunta, Bharmour and Churah have reported damage due to flash floods in the past.||Occasionally (2)||M (2)||4|
|Drought||A prolonged period with no rain, particularly during the planting and growing season in agricultural areas.||The area far away from the river are prone to drought.||-History of previous occurrences 178-79 In Pangi area.
-Importance of large water users and agriculture to the district economy.
-IMD declarations and district/state declared disasters and emergencies.
|Crops, Drinking Water, Livelihood Options. Sub division Pangi and Bharmour experience less rainfalls as compared to rest of the district hence there is a risk of them being affected during a drought condition.||Occasionally (2)||M (2)||4|
|Industrial Hazards||Leakages from Chemical, biological and radiological industries.||Though the occurrence of Chemical, Biological, and Radiological disaster is very low in the district but the probability of damages is very high in case of such disasters as the district is highly populated.||-Reported Chemical industries in the populated areas of the district.
||Human Life, Cattle Life, Environment & Eco-System, Economy.||Rare (1)||H (3)||3|
|Climate Change (Cold Wave/ Heat Wave/ Storm/ Hail Storm)||Climate change, also called global warming, refers to the rise in average surface temperatures on Earth.||These are seasonal hazards largely affecting the poor. The poor and marginal people are highly vulnerable to such seasonal hazards.||-Reported Chemical industries in the populated areas of the district.
-Potential impact to health and safety.
|Human Life, Cattle life, Crops Sub division of Salooni and Tissa are most susceptible to be affected by Climate Change.||Occasional (2)||L (1)||2|
|GLOF/Avalanche||Glacial Lake Outburst Flow(GLOF):A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails. Avalanche: An avalanche is a rapid flow of snow down a sloping surface||The district is moderately vulnerable to avalanches, with the marginal land holders being more at risk in high altitude areas. Inundation due to GLOF is mainly confined to Pangi area.||-Heavy snow fall in winter months.
-Past history of avalanche related disasters.
-Presence of glaciers in high altitude areas.
|Human Life, catlle life and ecology. Areas of Bharmour and Pangi having the most area under glaciers in the district is highly vulnerable to be affected by GLOFs and avalanches. However, parts of Salooni, Chamba, Bharmour and Pangi sub division fall under potential inundated areas in case of GLOF.||Occasional (2)||M (2)||4|